Many smart city applications have been proposed and demonstrated over the years; however, moving to large-scale deployment is still scarce. A contributing factor to this scarcity is the lack of well-established engineering methodologies for large-scale smart city applications. This paper addresses engineering methodologies and tools for large-scale smart city application engineering, implementation, deployment, and evolution. A model-based engineering approach based on IoT, SOA, and SysML is proposed and applied to a smart streetlight application. Engineering considerations for streetlight area enlargement and updated technology generations with additional capabilities are discussed. The proposed model-based engineering approach provides considerable scaling simpliﬁcations and opportunities for considerable savings on engineering costs. The model-based engineering approach also provides good documentation that enables technology evolution speciﬁcations that support both maintenance and emerging behaviours.
Delsing, J. Smart City Solution Engineering. Smart Cities 2021, 4, 643–661.
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